World AIDS Day Timeline : 1988 – 2010

World AIDS Day on Dipity.

1988

  • International AIDS Society Formed www.iasociety.org
  • 4th International AIDS Conference Takes Place in Stockholm, Sweden

1989

World AIDS Day Theme: Our Lives, Our World – Let’s Take Care of Each Other

  • 5th International AIDS Conference Takes Place in Montreal, Canada (The Scientific and Social Challenge of AIDS)
  • US Congress creates National Commission on AIDS

More

1990

World AIDS Day Theme: Women and AIDS

  • 6th International AIDS Conference (AIDS in the Nineties: From Science to Policy”) in San Francisco, CA. To protest US immigration policy, domestic and International non-government groups boycott the conference.
  • According to estimates, around 8 million people are now living with HIV worldwide (UNAIDS)

1991

World AIDS Day Theme: Sharing the Challenge

  • Thailand launches Asia’s most extensive HIV prevention programme – http://www.avert.org/aidsthai.htm
  • The Red Ribbon becomes the international symbol for HIV –introduced at the Tony Awards by Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS and Visual AIDS in the US.
  • ICASO forms as global network of NGO and community-based organisations
  • 7th International AIDS Conference (Science Challenging AIDS) Florence, Italy
  • Ten million people around the world are HIV positive.

1992

World AIDS Day Theme: AIDS: Community Commitment

  • 8th International AIDS Conference (A World United Against AIDS) Amsterdam – was supposed to take place in Boston, but moved due to US immigration ban
  • International Community for Women Living with HIV/AIDS founded (ICW) (the Global Network of People living with HIV /AIDS , GNP+ was founded in 1986)

1993

World AIDS Day Theme: “Time to Act”

1994

World AIDS Day Theme: AIDS and the Family

  • Scientist develop the first treatment regime to reduce mother-to-child transmission
  • Infant HIV infections begin to fall in developed countries, due to use of AZT
  • WHO estimates that at least 19.5 million people worldwide have become HIV-infected since the beginning of the epidemic
  • 10th International AIDS Conference (The Global Challenge of AIDS: Together for the Future) Yokohama Japan

1995

World AIDS Day Theme: Shared Rights, Shared Responsibilities

  • Outbreak of HIV amongst injecting drug users in Eastern Europe
  • First combination therapy – HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) is approved for use in the US

1996

World AIDS Day Theme: One World. One Hope

  • Combination therapy shown to be highlight effective – in developed countries many people begin taking the treatment
  • The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is launched in January 2006 – established to advocate for global action on the epidemic and to coordinate HIV/AIDS efforts across the UN system and sets the international theme of World AIDS Day. UNAIDS was originally cosponsored by 6 U.N. agencies (now 10), with a mandate to lead an expanded, better-coordinated, multi-sectoral global response.
  • 11th International AIDS Conference, Vancouver, Canada (One World. One Hope)

1997

World AIDS Day Theme: Children Living in a World with AIDS

  • World AIDS Campaign is launched, managed by UNAIDS to focus on raising public awareness on specific issues related to HIV and AIDS and is tasked with choosing the international theme of WAD
  • AIDS deaths begin to decline in developed countries, due to the new drugs
  • In other developing countries, only a tiny minority can access treatment to HIV
  • Around 22 million people are living with HIV worldwide (UNAIDS)
  • Brazil begins national ARV distribution, first developing country to do so

1998

World AIDS Day Theme: Force for Change: World AIDS Campaign With Young People

  • 12th International AIDS Conference (Bridging the Gap) Geneva, Switzerland
  • Despite earlier optimism several reports indicate growing signs of treatment failure and side effects from HAART
  • Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) forms in South Africa, grassroots movement pushes for access to treatment

1999

World AIDS Day Theme: Listen, Learn, Live! World AIDS Campaign with Children & Young People

  • President Clinton announces “Leadership and Investment in Fighting an Epidemic” (LIFE) initiative to address the global epidemic – leads to increased funding
  • The first efficacy trial of a potential HIV vaccine in a developing country starts in Thailand
  • AIDS becomes the fourth biggest killer worldwide
  • By the end of the decade 90% of people infected by HIV live in the developing world

2000

World AIDS Day Theme: AIDS: Men Make a Difference

  • The UN Security Council discusses HIV/AIDS for the first time
  • One million Africans newly infected with HIV in 2000
  • 13th International AIDS Conference (Breaking the Silence) Durban, South Africa – first to be held in global South, heightens awareness of global pandemic – Nkosi Johnson, an 11 year-old South African boy speaks live on TV during the conference
  • G8 leaders acknowledge need for additional HIV/AIDS resources during Okinawa Meeting
  • UNAIDS, WHO and other global health groups announce joint initiative with five major pharmaceutical manufacturers to negotiate reduced prices for AIDS drugs in developing countries
  • At the United Nations Millennium Summit, world leaders agreed to an ambitious agenda to reduce poverty and improve lives and as a result outlined eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), each with their own targets to monitor social, economic and environmental progress. Goal 6 is to halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/

2001

World AIDS Day Theme: Men Make a Difference: “I care. Do you?”

  • United Nations General Assembly convenes first ever special session on AIDS (UNGASS) – where the Declaration of Commitment is signed by 189 member states .By signing the Declaration of Commitment, countries agreed to time-bound commitments and a regular process to review their progress in meeting those commitments. http://www.ua2010.org/en/UA2010/Universal-Access/Official-Papers/Declaration-of-Commitment
  • 62 young people representing 26 countries present a Youth Position Paper calling on world leaders to address the most critical youth-related issues left out of the Declaration of Commitment
  • 5 June 2001 is the 20 year marker since the first AIDS case was reported
  • African Summit on HIV/AIDS in Abuja, Nigeria ( The Abuja Summit) takes place with the goal of urgently arresting and reversing the morbidity and mortality rates due to HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria, and to set clear targets for the effective control of these three diseases.
  • The World Trade Organisation meeting in Doha, Qatar announces “DOHA Agreement” to allow developing countries to buy or manufacture generic medications
  • Generic drug manufacturers offer to produce discounted generic forms on HIV/AIDS drugs – several major pharmaceutical manufacturers agree to offer further reduced drugs prices to developing countries

2002

World AIDS Day Theme: Live and Let Live: Stigma and Discrimination

  • The Global Fund is launched to boost the response to AIDS, TB and malaria – approves first round of grants
  • Botswana begins Africa’s first national AIDS treatment programme
  • UNAIDS reports that women make up about half of all adults living with HIV/AIDS worldwide
  • HIV leading cause of death worldwide, amongst 15 – 59 year olds
  • 14th International AIDS Conference – Knowledge and Commitment – Barcelona

2003

World AIDS Day Theme: Live and Let Live: Stigma and Discrimination

  • President Bush announces PEPFAR (President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) – PEPFAR is a five-year 15 billion dollar initiative to address HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria
  • 3 by 5 initiative announced by WHO with goal of bringing treatment to 3 million people by 2005.
  • G8 Summit in Evian includes special focus on HIV/AIDS, new commitments to the Global Fund announced.

2004

World AIDS Day Theme: ‘Have you heard me today? Women, Girls, HIV and AIDS

  • World AIDS Campaign becomes an independent NGO, based in the Netherlands
  • 15th International AIDS Conference (Access for All) Bangkok, Thailand, first to be held in Southeast Asia
  • The Global Fund holds first ever “Partnership Forum” in Bangkok, 400 delegates participate
  • Leaders of the G8 call for the creation of the “Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise” – consortium of government and private sector groups designed to coordinate and accelerate research efforts to find and effective HIV vaccine
  • PEPFAR begins first round of funding
  • UNAIDS launches The Global Coalition of Women and AIDS
  • South Africa begins to provide free antiretroviral treatment

2005

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise

  • AIDS Walk New York, marks its 20th year and raises $5.8 million – it is the world’s largest private AIDS fundraising event
  • G8 Summit in Gleneagles, Scotland – G8 leaders pledged “to develop and implement a package for HIV prevention, treatment and care, with the aim of as close as possible to universal access to treatment for all those who need it by 2010.” http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/about_the_gc/government_support/PostG8_Gleneagles_Communique.pdf
  • World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos includes a priority focus on addressing HIV/AIDS in Africa and other hard hit regions of the world
  • About 1.3 million people in developing countries have access to treatment

2006

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Accountability

  • 5 June marks the 25th anniversary of the first reported AIDS case
  • UN convenes follow up meeting and issues progress report on the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS where the political declaration from this meeting agrees to: “the urgent need to scale up significantly towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive prevention programmes, treatment, care and support by 2010…” http://www.ua2010.org/en/UNGASS/UNGASS-2006
  • 16th International AIDS Conference focuses on accountability: Time to Deliver in Toronto
  • First Eastern European and Central Asian AIDS conference held in Moscow ( EECAAC)
  • African Summit on AIDS Malaria and TB (ABUJA +5) reviews the progress made in achieving the targets agreed upon at the previous Abuja Summits
  • Annual global spending on AIDS in low and middle-income countries is $8.9 million – it is estimated that $14.9 billion would be needed for a truly effective response
  • 5th year anniversary of Doha agreement – despite the 5 year anniversary, medicines continue to be priced exorbitantly high – some countries use new bilateral and regional trade agreements specifically to remove these flexibilities.

2007

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Leadership “Take the Lead”

  • International HIV/AIDS Implementers Meeting held in Kigali, hosted by the Rwandan government draws over 1,500 delegates to share lessons on HIV, prevention, treatment and care. Co-sponsors include PEPfar, Global Fund, UNAIDS, WHO , UNICEF, the World Bank and GNP+
  • Apx. 33 million people are living with HIV
  • As of 2007, nearly all countries have national policies on HIV.
  • 31% of those in low- to middle-income countries who need treatment received it.
  • Despite HIV awareness now reaching nearly all areas of the globe, infection rates are still happening 2.7 times faster than the increase in number of people receiving treatment.
  • Civil Society efforts bring attention to Novartis court case in India over patent laws. In 2007, Novartis loses a case in an Indian court, stopping possible profound implications for the production of generic drugs http://www.accessmed-msf.org/main/hiv-aids/introduction-to-hivaids/promoting-generic-competition/

2008

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Leadership “Lead-Empower-Deliver”

  • PEPFAR funding is renewed in July for 2009-2013
  • 17th International AIDS Conference takes place in Mexico focusing on science, accountability and stigma and discrimination
  • UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic notes signs of major progress in the global AIDS response for the first time

2009

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Universal Access and Human Right

  • India repeals section 377 of the penal code which had banned homosexuality
  • Newly inaugurated US President Obama changes rules that had prevented funding reaching organisations that provide services linked with abortion
  • UNAIDS epidemic update signals improvements in overall infection rates, survivability and availability of HIV drugs but warned that the crisis is not over
  • The global financial crisis, coupled with a general falling off of interest, manifests issues for funders and campaigners alike
  • UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon launches Light for Rights, a joint initiative by amfAR, Broadway Cares, UNAIDS and the World AIDS Campaign, in New York City on World AIDS Day

2010

World AIDS Day Theme: Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Universal Access and Human Right

  • More than 100 communities commemorate World AIDS Day with the Light for Rights Campaign
  • 18th International AIDS Conference takes place in Vienna, Austria
  • UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic notes signs of declines in new infections
  • G8 commitments to provide ‘as close as possible to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support’ by 2010 expires unmet
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