26 August 2014, 5:00 pm
A novel and relatively simple vaccine that can be administered orally has managed to completely block rectal infection with SIV, the monkey equivalent of HIV, in rhesus macaques and produced rapid re-suppression of viral load in monkeys who were previously infected with SIV. The vaccine, whose success at blocking infection was described by its


26 August 2014, 10:50 am
The proportion of HIV-positive patients in sub-Saharan Africa who entered care late declined significantly between 2006 and 2011, investigators report in AIDS. However, over half of those newly enrolled in care in 2011 met World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART): a CD4 count below 350 cells/mm3 or stage 3/4 disease. The study


20 August 2014, 10:40 am
Implementation of comprehensive harm reduction policies has achieved impressive reductions in incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Scotland, research published in PLOS ONE shows. In 2008, the Scottish government expanded access to sterile injecting equipment and also improved the provision of opioid substitution treatment. HCV incidence among people


19 August 2014, 8:50 am
HIV superinfection has no impact on clinical disease progression, investigators report in the online edition of AIDS. Superinfection was associated with accelerated viral load increase and had a modest impact on CD4 cell loss. However, this did not translate into faster clinical disease progression – a decline in CD4 count to below 200 cells/mm3, initiation of


18 August 2014, 8:10 am
Incidence of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection increased significantly among young, non-urban people who inject drugs in the United States between 2006 and 2012, investigators report in the online edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. “The incidence of reported acute hepatitis C among young persons has significantly increased during 2006-12, with annual increases over two


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